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How belt conveyor works?

Belt conveyors are basically very wide belts attached in a loop to two or more turning rotors driven by motors. The loop is the actual conveyor belt, and is generally made of two or more layers of rubber, one layer to give shape and structure to the belt and one to allow it to transport its load safely. The belt works under the effect of frictional force. It is not only the components to transfer the material, but also the components to transfer the force.

Depending on the type of material being transported, conveyor systems can be located overhead, in-floor or on-floor; they can further be classified by form and function. The simplest and most inexpensive type is the chute conveyor. It allows product to accumulate in shipping or other desired areas. As a rotor turns, the conveyor belt will turn as well due to the intense friction between the rotor wheel and the belt. This turning motion of the rotor causes one side of the belt to move in one direction, while the other moves in the opposite direction. This means that both wheels must always be moving in relatively the same direction, either clockwise or counter-clockwise. If the two rotor wheels moved in opposite directions, the conveyor belt would not travel at all.

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